Archaeologists study human prehistory and history, from the development of the first stone tools at Lomekwi in East Africa 3.3 million years ago up until recent decades.
Archaeology developed out of antiquarianism in Europe during the 19th century, and has since become a discipline practiced across the world.
Since its early development, various specific sub-disciplines of archaeology have developed, including maritime archaeology, feminist archaeology and archaeoastronomy, and numerous different scientific techniques have been developed to aid archaeological investigation.
Nonetheless, today, archaeologists face many problems, such as dealing with pseudoarchaeology, the looting of artifacts, a lack of public interest, and opposition to the excavation of human remains.
is the study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
The archaeological record consists of artifacts, architecture, biofacts or ecofacts, and cultural landscapes.
Archaeology can be considered both a social science and a branch of the humanities.
while in Europe archaeology is often viewed as either a discipline in its own right or a sub-field of other disciplines.
Archaeology has various goals, which range from understanding culture history to reconstructing past lifeways to documenting and explaining changes in human societies through time.
The discipline involves surveying, excavation and eventually analysis of data collected to learn more about the past.